Depression is a common and serious mood disorder that causes severe symptoms that affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working.

To be diagnosed with depression, the symptoms must be present for at least two weeks. Some types of depression include;  Persistent depressive disorder,  Postpartum depression, Psychotic depression and Seasonal affective disorder

Possible Symptoms

  • Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, or pessimism
  • Irritability
  • Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities
  • Decreased energy or fatigue
  • Moving or talking more slowly
  • Feeling restless or having trouble sitting still
  • Difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions
  • Difficulty sleeping, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
  • Appetite and/or weight changes
  • Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts
  • Aches or pains, headaches, cramps, or digestive problems without a clear physical cause and/or that do not ease even with treatment


  • Medication
  • Psychotherapies
  • Brain stimulation therapies
  • Staying active
  • Set realistic goals for yourself
  • Spend time with other people and confide in a trusted friend or relative
  • Try not to isolate yourself, and let others help you
  • Continue to educate yourself about depression
Further readings and resources
Center for Anxiety and Depression: Local Resources
Revivre: Montreal peer support group, coaching and counselling
Anxiety and Depression Clinic in Montreal
MHA: Depression in Black America
Pacific Medical ACLS: Depression VS Sadness
ADAA: Facts and resources for Black community
NAMI: Depression overview